Dr. Z on phone with a patient

.
These days,
I hear conversations
begin like this all the time . . .

“Hey, Dr. Z,
you’re a
carpal tunnel expert,
can you tell me why . . . ?”

Being labeled a carpal tunnel expert makes me cringe.  To me, an expert is somebody who knows everything about a topic. The problem is that we know so very little about the pathophysiology of carpal tunnel syndrome. That means at the end of the day, nobody really and truly knows much at all!

path·o·phys·i·ol·o·gy

/ˌpaTHəˌfizēˈäləjē/

noun
MEDICINE

the disordered physiological processes associated with disease or injury.
“intracranial hypertension contributes to the pathophysiology of this condition”

Personally, incomplete knowledge is unsettling. Even when I was a child, I loved science because it explained little pieces of the natural world. Sure, there were holes in the knowledge, but there always seemed to be enough information to connect the dots, and to make sense of nature.

Dr. Z as a child playing with frogs

In a lifetime of being a professional scientist (I’ve never made a penny outside of science) I’ve covered many fields. The one thing each field had in common was there was a gaping hole in the knowledge base. But if that hole were filled, it would result in something beneficial for everyone. Ultimately, my years of biomedical researching (this or that phenomenon) resulted in some sort of patent. Essentially, I absorbed the knowledge, connected it to a problem, filled the gap, and created something novel to fix the problem.

A few of my most interesting inventions:

Traxon Spinal Cord Stimulator

Spinal Cord Injury Repair Device

This invention is both my greatest hope and my greatest disappointment. It’s an implantable electronic stimulator that repairs spinal cord injuries. That’s amazing because in the clinical trial, 100% of wheelchair bound participants regained some motion. My disappointment comes from assuming the business managers shared my values. I was in it to help people. They were in it to make money. The result is that the whole project became so embroiled in legalities that it never came to market.

Intragastric Balloon

Intragastric Balloon

The need to stem the obesity epidemic led to these patents. I invented a pill people swallow that inflates into a balloon. The balloon takes up space in the stomach effectively making it smaller so patients can’t eat as much. After 30 days, the balloon self-deflates and naturally passes through the bowel. For the second time in my career, greed got the better part of the business managers I trusted.  My technology was sold to the highest bidder. Frustrated, I moved to Geneva, Switzerland to design medical devices for the World Health Organization.

Self-Destructing Needle & Syringe

Self-destructing Needle & Syringe

The World Health Organization was having a major problem. In 3rd world countries, diseases were spreading rapidly from injectable medicines.  The issue was that the local clinics were re-using needles and syringes for injections and vaccinations. As a result, infections were multiplying instead of being eliminated. My technology causes needles and syringes to self-destruct after use.  We were all set to go into production when the 2008 financial crash put an end to plans. I put the patents in the public domain so that moving forward, anyone can develop them.

Carpal tunnel syndrome represents my most recent scientific expedition. It had the unlikely start as a result of my beloved wife’s carpal tunnel hand pain. I desperately wanted to relieve her misery, but there simply was no convenient way of doing it. To achieve that goal, the Carpal Rx was born. In fact, it was the first time love led me to a scientific discovery!

Carpal Rx Natural
Carpal Tunnel Treatment Device
Carpal Rx carpal tunnel treatment

Thus, her carpal tunnel pain essentially pulled me into the field. As a result, you might say I’m a carpal tunnel expert because I’ve absorbed as much of the available information about this terrible problem as anybody is able to. Unfortunately, given the current state of the art, most of that information is incomplete at best.

That incompleteness is most striking when I meet with other professionals. I’m often amazed by how little they understand this growing problem. For instance, my physician colleagues advise their patients to brace their wrists 24/7 to help manage carpal tunnel symptoms. But that’s just plain wrong – and even dangerous. Most braces manufactured today incorporate a metal palmar spine. The brace is fine for a fractured or sprained wrist. But it’s bad for carpal tunnel syndrome.

Carpal Rx 
Night Brace
Carpal Rx night brace

A palmar spine compresses the wrist joint when you unconsciously extend your wrist (bend it backward). Anybody who understands the first thing about carpal tunnel syndrome knows that’s catastrophic. And the first clue should be when patients complain their hands hurt much worse in the morning after night bracing.

This is just one example of how a “carpal tunnel expert” can be totally wrong when they don’t understand or appreciate the nuances of this condition. To be sure, most professionals are in this group. And typical of doctors, they advise the same thing year after year even in the face of new information. Why? Because modern doctors are not scientists.

Therefore, my most current mission is to educate everybody I can about this condition. I want everybody – scientists, doctors, and patients – to be a carpal tunnel expert. Carpal tunnel syndrome doesn’t have to be the scourge of the 21st century. Even more, maybe we can completely eliminate hand pain from our collective consciousness.

Dr. Z speaking

Bibliography – Journal Article Publications

  1. Zanakis, M.F., Wells, M.R., Bernstein, J.L (1977) Incorporation DH-Lysine into the Brain and Spinal Cord of the Cebus (Cebus appella) and Rhesus (Macacca mulata) J. Neuroscience Res. 3:73-80.
  1. Wells, M.R,, Zanakis, M.F., Bernstein, J.I (1978) Blood-Brain Barrier Disturbance and Reconstitution After Spinal Cord Hemisection in the Rat. Exp. Neurol. 61 :214-218.
  1. Bernstein, J.J., Wells, M,R., Zanakis, M.F. (1978) Effects of Puromycin on Incorporation of 3H-Lysine into Protein Following Hemisection of Rat Spinal Cord. Exp. Neurol. 61:537-
  1. Ingoglia, N.A., Giuditta, A., Zanakis, M.F., Babigian, A., Tasaki, I, Sturman, J. Chakraborty, G. (1983) Incorporation of 3H Amino Acids into Protein in a Partially Purified Fraction of Axoplasm: Evidence for Transfer RNA Mediated, Post-translational Protein Modification in Giant Squid Axons. J. Neurosci. 12:2463-2473.
  1. Zanakis, M.F., Chakraborty, G., Sturman, J., Ingoglia, N.A. (1984) Post-translational Protein Modification by Amino Acid Addition in Intact arid Regenerating Axons of the Rat Sciatic Nerve. J. Neurochem. 43:1286-1294.
  1. Barron, K.D., McGuinness, C.K, Misantone, L.J., Zanakis, M.F., Grafstein, B., Murray, (1984) RNA Content of Normal and Axotomized Retinal Ganglion Cells of Rat & Goldfish. J, Neurosci. 13:
  1. Zanakis, M.F., Eskin, B., Ingoglia, N.A. (1984) Evidence that Multiple Species of Aminoacylated Transfer RNA are Present in Regenerating Goldfish Optic Axons. Res. 9:249-262.
  1. Chakraborty, G., Leach, T,? Zanakis, M.F., Sturman, J.A. and Ingoglia, N.A. (1987) Post-translational Protein Modification by Polyamines in Intact and Regenerating Nerves. J. 48:669-675.
  1. Politis, MJ. and Zanakis, M.F. (1988) Treatment of the Damaged Rat Hippocampus Using Applied Electric Fields. Exp. Brain Res. 71: 223-226.
  1. Zanakis, M.F. (1988) Regeneration in the Mammalian Nervous System Using Applied Electric Fields: A Literature Review, Acupunct Elcctrother. 13:47-57.
  • Politis, MJ., Zanakis, M.F. and Albala, B.J. (1988) Facilitated Regeneration in the Rat Peripheral Nervous System Using Applied Electric Fields. J. Trauma 28 (9)1375-1381.
  • Politis, MJ., Zanakis, M.F. and Albala, BJ, (1988) Mammalian Optic Nerve Regeneration Following the Application of Electric Fields. J. Trauma 28 (10)1548-1552.
  1. Politis, MJ. and Zanakis, M.F. (1988) Short Term Efficacy of Applied Electric Fields in the Repair of the Damaged Rodent Spinal Cord: Behavioral & Morphological Results, Neurosurgery 23 (5) 582-588.
  1. Politis, MJ., Zanakis, M.F. and Miller, J, (1989) Enhanced Survival of Full Thickness Skin Grafts Following the Application of D.C. Electric Fields, Plast. Recon, Surg. 84 (2)267-
  1. Politis MJ. and Zanakis, M.F. (1989) Short-Term Effects of Delayed Application of Electric Fields in the Damaged Rodent Spinal Cord, Neurosurg. 25 (1) 71-75.
  1. Zanakis, M.F., Lowe, H.F., Jacobsen, G, LaCorte, M. Lee S.P., and Hallas, B.H. (1989) Developing Retina and PNS Segments For Transplantation Into The Adult Host Eye: Reconstruction of the Mammalian Visual System 1. Methodology J. Neural Transplant.1:77-86.
  1. Hallas, B.H., Lowe, H.F., Jacobsen, G., LaCorte, M. Lee, S.P., and Zanakis, M.F. (1989) Developing Retina and PNS Segments For Transplantation Into The Adult Host Eye: Reconstruction of the Mammalian Visual System 2. Results J, Neural Transplant. l :78-87.
  1. Zanakis, M.F, (1990) Differential Effects of Various Electrical Parameters on Peripheral and Central Nerve Regeneration. Acu. Electrother. Res., Int. J. 15:185-191.
  1. Zanakis, M.F., Wells, M.R., Yoon, M. and Hallas, B,H. (1992) The Use of a Multi-microelectrode Cable for the Culture of Neuronal Cells. Kopf Carrier 21: 1-4.
  1. Zanakis, MF. (1994) Repair of Central Nervous System Damage Using DC Electrical Acu, Electrother. Res., Int. J. 19:137-152.
  1. Zanakis, M.F. and Politis, M J. (1996) Effects of Applied Direct Current Electric Fields on the Damaged Rodent Optic Nerve. J. Trauma.
  1. Zanakis, M.F. and Politis, M.F, (1997) Effect of Endogenous Trophic Influences Versus Exogeneous Electric Fields in the Damaged Rodent Peripheral Nervous System. J.
  1. Zanakis, M.F. (1998) Comparisons Between Homograft and Heterograft Donor Source and Fetal Eye Age in Bridging of the Central Nervous System. J. Transplant.
  1. Zanakis, M.F., Bosak, A., Muller, B., Scandalis, T., Dowling, D., and Hallas, B.H. (1998) Osteopathic Manipulative Therapy Partially Alleviates Dystonia Associated with Spasmodic Torticollis, Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.
  1. Zanakis, M.F. (1998) Quantification of the Progression of Parkinson’s Disease Using Kinematic Techniques. Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.
  1. Zanakis, M.F. (1998) A Decade Of Studies On The Effects Of Direct Current Stimulation For Promoting Repair In Nervous Tissues. Bioelectromag.
  1. Zanakis, M.F., Cebelenski, R.M., Lewandoski, M.A., Lauder, C.L., Kircher, K, T., Banihashem, M, and Marmoura, M. (1998) Techniques for Objective Quantification Of Cranial Mobility In Man, Kopf Carrier.
  1. Zanakis, M.F., Cebelenski, R.M., Dowling, D.J., Lewandoski, M.A., Lauder, C. T, Kircher, K. T., Banihashem, M. and Marmora, M. (1998) Objective Quantification Of Cranial Bone Mobility In Man, Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.
  1. Zanakis, M.F., Lewandoski, M.A., Marmoura, M., Dowling, DJ., Kircher, K. T., Cebelenski, R.M., Lauder, C. T., Banihashem, M. (1998) Studies Of Cranial Mobility In Humans: Objective Quantification And Correlation With Subjective Findings, Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

Bibliography – Book & Chapter Publications

  1. Ingoglia, N.A. and Zanakis, MF. (1982) Axonal Transport of 4S RNA In: Axoplasmic Transport, edited by D. Weiss, Springer-Verlag, Munich, pp. 161-169.
  1. Ingoglia, N.A., Zanakis, M.F., Chakraborty, G. (1983) Transfer RNA Mediated Post-translational Aminoacylation of Protein   in   In: Axonal Transport in Nerve Regeneration, edited by J. Elam and P. Cancalon, Pergamon Press.
  1. Zanakis, M.F. (1983) Studies on the Role of Transfer RNA in Axons. Doctoral Thesis; University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey.
  1. Ingoglia, N.A., Chakraborty, G., Zanakis, M.F, (1984) Nucleic Acid Transport. In: Axoplasmic Flow, edited by Z. Iqbal, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.
  1. Zanakis, M.F. (1998) Implantable Medical Products: Technology Development and Testing, Long Rider Press, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada.

Abstract Publications

  1. Zanakis, M.F., Chakraborty, G., Ingoglia, N.A. (1981) Evidence that Transfer RNA is Transported Axonally in Regenerating Optic Axons of Goldfish. Soc. for Neurosci.
  1. Misantone, L.L, Barren, K., Gershenbaum, M., Cipolla, V., Zanakis, M.F., Murray, M. (1981) Effect of Optic Nerve Crush on Retinal Ganglion Cells in Hooded Rats, Soc. For
  1. Zanakis, M.F., Chakraborty, G., Ingoglia, N.A. (1983) Post-translational Protein Modification in an Axonally Transported High Molecular Weight Complex. Soc. for Neurosci.
  1. Ingoglia, N.A., Zanakis, M.F., Babigian, A. (1983) Protein Modification by the Amino Acid Addition in Axoplasm Obtained from the Giant Axon of Squid, International Physiol.
  1. Chakraborty, G,, Zanakis, M.F., Ingoglia, N.A. (1983) Post-translational  Protein Modification by t-RNA Dependent Amino Acid Addition in Regenerating Optic Nerves of Goldfish, Soc. for Neurosci.
  1. Ingoglia, N.A., Zanakis, M.F., Chakraborty, G., Giuditta, A. (1983) Post-translational Protein Modification by Amino Acid Addition in Axoplasm Isolated from Squid Giant Soc, for Neurosci.
  1. Athwal, S.S., Chakraborty, G,, Zanakis, M.F., Ingoglia, N.A. (1984) Post-translational Protein Modification by Amino Acid Addition Following Injury to Rat Sciatic and Optic Soc. for Neurosci.
  1. Chakraborty, G., Leach, T., Zanakis, M.F., Ingoglia, N.A. (1984) Post-translational Protein Modification by Polyamines in Axons of Invertebrate and Vertebrate Nerves. Soc. for Neurosci.
  1. Politis, M.J., Zanakis, M.F. and Albala, BJ. (1987) Galvanotropism in the Regeneration of the Mammalian Optic Nerve. FASEB abstract 2875.
  1. Politis, MJ, Zanakis, M.F. and Albala, B.J. (1987) Galvanotropic Regeneration of the Damaged Mammalian Sciatic Nerve. Anat, Rec. 218: 108A.
  1. Albala, B.J., Politis, M.J. and Zanakis, M.F. (1987) Galvanotropic Regeneration of the Mammalian Peripheral Nerve. Soc, Neuroscience Abstr. 82.19.
  1. Zanakis, M.F., Politis, M.J., arid Albala, B.J. (1987) Galvanotropism in the Regeneration of the Mammalian Visual System. Soc. Neuroscience Abstr. 383.4.
  1. Femano, P.A., Zanakis, M.F, and Albala, BJ. (1987) Galvanotropic Regeneration Following Delayed Treatment of the Damaged Mammalian Peripheral Nerve. Soc. 82,18.
  1. Zanakis, M.F. and Politis, M.J. (1988) Short Term Behavioral and Histological Changes in the Damaged Rat Spinal Cord Following Application of D.C. Electric Fields. Bioelectric Repair and Growth Society abstract Washington, DC.
  1. Zanakis, M.F. and Hallas, B.H. (1988) The Effect of D.C. Electric Fields in the Damaged Rat Optic Nerve. Bioelectric Repair and Growth Society abstract, Washington, DC.
  1. Zanakis, M.F. and Politis, MJ. (1988) Partial Recovery From Spinal Cord Injury Following Application of D.C. Electric Fields in the Rat. Soc Neurosci. abstract, Toronto.
  1. Albala, B.J., Hallas, B.H. and Zanakis, M.F. (1988) Applied D.C. Electric Fields in the Damaged Rodent Optic Nerve. Soc. Neurosci. abstract, Toronto.
  1. Hallas, B.H., Lowe, H.F., Jacobsen, G., LaCorte, M. Lee, S.P., and Zanakis, M.F. (1989) Fetal Eye and Sciatic Nerve Bridges Between Eye and Tectum., Soc. Neurosci. abstr,
  1. Zanakis, M.F. (1989) Nerve Regeneration Using a Galvanic Nerve Cuff. 20th Annual Neural Prosthesis Workshop, N1H, Bethesda, MD.
  1. Zanakis, M.F. and Politis, MJ. (1989) Effects of Various Strength DC Electric Fields on the Damaged Rat Peripheral Nervous System. Soc. Neurosci. abstr. 125.13, Phoenix.
  1. Zanakis, M.F., Wells, M.R. and Hallas, B.H. (1989) Axonal Transport of 3H-Leucine Provides Evidence that DC Electric Fields can Promote Regeneration of Damaged Rat Optic Nerve. Amer. Osteopath Assoc. abstr., Anaheim.
  1. START Zanakis M.F., Hallas, B.H. and Wells, MR. (1989) Effects of Electric Fields on Peripheral Nerve Regeneration: A Dose-Response Study. Amer, Osteopath Assoc. abstr,
  1. Hallas, B.H, Zanakis, M.F., Wells, M.R., Lowe, H.F., LaCorte, M.A., Loughlin, S.D, Jacobsen, G. and Lee, S.P. (1989) Fetal Eye and Sciatic Nerve Bridges Between Eye and Amer. Osteopath Assoc. abstr., Anaheim.
  1. Hallas, B.H., Zanakis, M.F., Wells, M,R, Lowe, RF., LaCorte, M.A., Loughlin, S.D., Jacobsen, G. and Lee, S.P. (1989) Reconstruction of the Mammalian Visual System by use of Fetal Eyes and Peripheral Nerve Bridges: Techniques. Amer. Osteopath Assoc. abstr,
  1. Hallas, B.H., Zanakis, M.F., Wells, M.R., Lowe, H.F, LaCorte, MA, Loughlin, S.D, Jacobsen, G. and Lee, S.P. (1989) Restoration of Trigeminal Brain Stem Damage by Embryonic Brain Stem Transplants. Amer. Osteopath Assoc. abstr., Anaheim.
  1. Zanakis, M.F, Wells, M.R. and Hallas, B.H. (1989) Application of Electric Fields to Adult Rat Optic Nerve Following Crush Damage. Amer. Osteopath Assoc. abstr., Anaheim,
  1. Zanakis, M.F., Hallas, B.H., Femano, PA, and Wells, M.R. (1989) Applied Weak DC Electric Fields on the Damaged Rat Optic Nerve May Promote Regeneration. Amer. Osteopath Assoc. abstr., Anaheim.
  1. Wells, M.R., Hallas, B.H., Vaidya, U. and Zanakis, M.F. (1989) Correlation of Nerve Regeneration With Morphological and Biochemical Changes in Rat Dorsal Root Ganglion Amer. Osteopath Assoc. abstr., Anaheim.
  1. Wells, M.R., Vaidya, U, Hallas, B.H, and Zanakis, M.F. (1989) Phasic Morphological Changes in Rat  Dorsal  Root Ganglion  Neurons  After  Sciatic Nerve    Amer. Osteopath Assoc. abstr, Anaheim.
  1. Zanakis, M.F., and Hallas, B.H., Peripheral Nerve Regeneration via Electrical Stimulation. Eastern Regional Osteopathic Conference. Atlantic City. Apr. 1989.
  1. Hallas, B.H., Feller, A., Fettahlioglu, S., Kaiser, C., Nguyen, L., Wells, M.R. and Zanakis, M.F. (1990) Long Term Survival of Connections Between Fetal Eyes Sutured to Peripheral Nerves and Tectum. Soc. Neurosci. abstr. 532.10.
  1. Zanakis, M.F., Nguyen, L., Kaiser, C., Feller, A., Fettahlioglu, S. and Hallas, B.H, (1990) Effects of Various Electrical Parameters on Peripheral Nerve Regeneration. Soc. abstr. 479.3.

33 Hallas, B.H., Wells, M.R., Vaidya, U., Lowe, B.F. and Zanakis, M.F. (1990) Use of Fetal Eyes and Peripheral Nerves in the Reconstruction of the Damaged Mammalian Visual System. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology abstr., Sarasota, FL.

  1. Zanakis, M.F., Feller, A., Guarino, L, Kim, B., and Ballas, B.B, (1990) The Effects of Various Electrical Parameters on Sciatic Nerve Regeneration. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology abstr., Las Vegas, NV.
  1. Hallas, B.H., Feller, A,, Guarino, L., Kim, B., Zanakis, M.F. (1990) Peripheral Nerve Bridges of Fetal Eye and the Brain: Long-term Survival of Connections for Visual System Association for Research in Vision and Ophthal. abstr,, Las Vegas. NV.
  1. Hallas, B.H., Guarino, L., Wells, M.R. and Zanakis, M.F. (1991) Peripheral Nerve Bridges Between Embryonic Eyes and Superior Colliculus; Long Term Connections. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology abstr,, Sarasota, FL.
  1. Zanakis, M.F. (1991) Electrical Stimulation of Damaged Adult Optic Nerve: In Medical Research Intelligence Summary (I, Payne, ed), Int. Spinal Research Trust, publisher, Vol. 2, 34.
  1. Hallas, B.H., Guarino, L. Wells, M.R., LaCorte, M., Cebelenski, R., Kim, B., and Zanakis, M.F., (1991) Fetal Eye and Host Superior Colliculus Connected by a Peripheral Nerve Bridge: Comparisons of Fetal Age and Donor Source, Soc. for Neurosci. abstr.
  1. Politis, M.J., Zanakis, M.F., Cebelenski, R.M., and Hallas, B.H. (1991) Blood Reperfusion Following D.C. Electrical Field Treatment in the Damaged Rodent Spinal Cord. Soc. for Neurosci. Abstr.
  1. Zanakis, M.F., Feller, A., Hallas, B.H., Femano, P.A., Schwartz, D. Sussman, M., Cebelenski, R., Yoon, H. and Wells, M.R. (1991) A Cultured Multielectrode-Cell Apparatus to Probe CNS Injury, Soc. for Neurosci, abstr.
  1. Hallas, B.H., Cebelenski, R., Wells, M.R. and Zanakis, M.F. (1991) E.M, Analysis of Transplanted Brain Stem into the Adult Lesioned Brain Stem, Am. Osteopath. Assn. abstr. New Orleans, LA.
  1. Cebelenski, R., Hallas, B.H., Guarino, L., Wells, M.R. and Zanakis, M.F. (1991) Experiments With Fetal Eye and Host Superior Colliculus Connected by a Peripheral Nerve Bridge: Comparisons of Fetal Age and Donor Source. Am. Osteopath, Assn. abstr., New Orleans, LA.
  1. Zanakis, M.F., Feller, A., Hallas, B.H., Smith, L., Edwards, A.M. Gray, A., Schwartz, D Sussman, M, Cebelenski, R, Yoon, H. and Wells, M.R. (1991) CNS Injury Probed by a Cultured Multielectrode-Cell Apparatus. Am. Osteopath. Assn. abstr. New Orleans, LA.
  1. Zanakis, M.F., Kim, B, Totah, F., Kostouros, D., Politis, M.J. and Hallas, B.H. (1991) Reperfusion of Blood Following Electrical Field Treatment in the Damaged Rat Spinal Am. Osteopath. Assn. abstr., New Orleans, LA.
  1. Zanakis, M.F. (1992) Regeneration and Reperfusion by Direct Current Electrical Stimulation, Symposium on Peripheral Nerve Surgery, Vienna, Austria, abstr. 1.2.
  1. Hallas, B.H., Zanakis, M.F. and Fazzini, E. (1992) Reduction of Apomorphine Induced Rotational Behavior in 6OHDA-Lesioned Rodents Following Subthalamic Nucleus Ablation, Am. Acad, Neurol abstr, San Diego, CA.
  1. Hallas, B.H., Cebelenski, R.M., Jacovina, P., Guarino, L., Wells, M. and Zanakis, M.F. (1992) Growth of Embryonic Ganglion Cell Axons Through a Peripheral Nerve Bridge: Comparison of Fetal Age and Heterograft vs. Homograft Bridges. Association for Research in Vision & Ophthalmol. abstr., Sarasota, FL.
  1. Hallas, B.H., Cebelenski, R.M., Jacovina, P., Zanakis, M.F. and Fazzini, R, (1992) Subthalamic Nucleus Ablation as a Method for Reducing Apomorphine Rotational Behavior in 6-OHDA Lesioned Rodents. Soc. Neurosci abstr. 451.4.
  1. Zanakis, M.F., Bosak, A., Cebelenski, R.M., Jacovina, P., Guarino, L. and Hallas, B.H, (1992) Viability of the Optic Nerve Following Damage and Subsequent Chronic Treatment with DC Electric Fields. Soc. For Neurosci, abstr. 271.22.
  1. Zanakis, M.F, (1992) Reperfusion Following Spinal Cord Injury: In Medical Research Intelligence Summary (J. Payne, ed.), Int. Spinal Research Trust, publisher, Vol. 3, p. 44.
  2. Cebelenski, R.M., Zanakis, M.F., Jacovina, P., Fazzini, E. and Hallas, B.H. (1992) Reduction of Apomorphine-Induced Rotational Behavior in 6-OHDA Lesioned Rodents by Ablation of the Subthalamic Nucleus, AOA abstr., San Diego.
  1. Hallas, B.H, and Zanakis, M.F. (1992) Growth of Embryonic Ganglion Cell Axons Through a Peripheral Nerve Bridge: Comparison of Fetal Age and Heterograft vs. Homograft Bridges. ARVO abstr., Sarasota, FL.
  1. Bosak, A., Hallas, B,H., Cebelenski, R.M., Jacovina, P. and Zanakis, M.F. (1992) DC Electric Fields as a Method for Restoring the Damaged Rodent Optic Nerve. AOA abstr. P20, San Diego.
  1. Zanakis, M.F., Cebelenski, R.M., Bosak, A., Jacovina, P. and Hallas, B.H. (1992) Embryonic Implantation and DC Electric Field Stimulation as a Method for Reconstructing the Damaged Mammalian Visual System. AOA abstr. PI9, San Diego.
  1. Hallas, B.H., Bosak, A., Jacovina, P., and Zanakis, M.F. (1993) Use of Electric Fields and Peripheral Nerve Bridges in the Reconstruction of the Damaged Visual System. AOA , Boston.
  1. Hallas, B.H., Jacovina, P., arid Zanakis, M.F. (1993) Electric Fields Enhance Peripheral Nerve Bridge Repair of the Damaged Visual System, Assoc. for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology abstr., Sarasota, FL.
  1. Zanakis, M.F., Bosak, A., and Hallas, B.H. (1993) The Efficacy of OMT in the Treatment of Spasmodic Torticollis as Determined by Volitional Movement and Gait. AOA , Boston.
  1. Zanakis, M.F., Bosak, A., Scandalis, T, Fazzini, E, Srnutney, C, Dowling, D., Muller, B, and Hallas, B. (1993) The Efficacy of Osteopathic Manipulative Therapy (OMT) as Determined by Improve-ments in Gait on Alleviating the Postural Effects of Torticollis, Digest: FOCUS Projects 1992, 5-6.
  1. Zanakis, M.F. (1993) Facilitated Growth Using Electrical Stimulation; In Medical Research Intelligence Summary (J. Payne, ed.), Int. Spinal Research Trust, publisher, Vol. 4, p. 57-58.
  1. Zanakis, M.F., Bosak, A., Scandalis, T.A., Fazzini, E., Smutney, C., Dowling, D., Muller, and Hallas, B.H. (1993) Improvements in Volitional Movement in Patients with Spasmodic Torticollis Following Osteopathic Manipulative Therapy, American Colleges of Osteo. Medicine, abstr.
  1. Tiemey, S., Zanakis, M.F., Jacovina, P., Cebelenski, R.M, and B. Hallas, B.H. (1994) A Novel Approach for the Repair of the Damaged Spinal Cord, AOA abstr. P27,San
  1. Zanakis, M.F., Cebelenski, R.M., Gelman, S., Cook, C, and Hallas, B.H. (1994) Mammalian Spinal Cord Repair using DC Electric Field Stimulation as Demonstrated by HRP Transport in Long Tracts, AOA abstr, P26, San Francisco.
  1. Zanakis, M.F., Cebelenski, R.M., Lewandoski, M.A., Lauder, C.T., Kircher, K. T., Dowlmg, D. and Hallas, B.H. (1994) The Cranial Kinetogram; Objective Quantification of Cranial Mobility in Man, AOA abstr. P28, San Francisco.
  1. Cebelenski, R.M, Zanakis, M.F., Cook, C, Gelman, S. and Hallas, B.H. (1994) Direct Current Electrical Fields and Fetal Tissue Implantation for the Reconstruction of the Damaged Mammalian Spinal Cord, AOA abstr., San Francisco.
  1. Zanakis, MR, Ford, L., Helmsman, M., Scandalis, T.A., & Hallas, B.H. (1994) Quantifiable Functional Assessment of the Knee, AOA abstr. P24, San Francisco.
  1. Zanakis, MR and Hallas, B.H. (1994) Retinal Ganglion Cell Survival after Injury and DC Electric Field Treatment, ARVO abstr,, Ft. Lauderdale, FL.
  1. Zanakis, M.F., Cebelenski, R,M, Gelman, S., Cook, C. and Hallas, B.H. (1994) Regeneration of Rubrospinal Tracts Following Treatment with Fetal Tissue and DC Electrical Fields, Society for Neuroscience abstr., Miami, FL.
  1. Zanakis, M.F., Cebelenski, KM., Gelman, S., Cook, C, and Hallas, B.H. (1994) Electrical Field Stimulation of Regeneration in Rubrospinal Tracts as Demonstrated by HRP Transport, Society for Neuroscience abstr,, Miami, FL.
  1. Zanakis, M.R. Kircher, K.T., Lewandoski, M.A., Schwartz, D. and Sussman, M, (1995) Accuracy Of Acupuncture Needle Markers Versus Surface Markers For Obtaining The Cranial Kinetogram From Human Subjects, AOA abstr., Orlando, FL.
  1. Zanakis, M.F., Marmoura, M., Banihashem, M., Lewandoski, MA., and Kircher, K. T. (1995) The Effect Of Observer Participation On The Dynamics Of Cranial Mobility In Man, AOA abstr ., Orlando, FL.
  1. Zanakis, M.F., Marmoura, M., Banihashem, M., Kircher, K.T., Lewandoski, M.A. and Ferris-Phillips, M.T., (1995) Subjective And Objective Evaluations Of The Cranial Rhythmic Impulse In Man, AOA abstr., Orlando, FL.
  1. Zanakis, MR, Lewandoski, MA, Marmoura, M., Kircher, KT., Banihashem, M. and Dowling, DJ (1995) Cranial Mobility In Man: Objective Measurements In Normal Subjects, AOA abstr., Orlando, FL.
  1. Zanakis, M.F. and Politis, MJ, (1995) Axonal Transport of HRP In The Lesioned Rodent Rubrospinal Tract After 9 Months Of Treatment With Fetal Tissue Implants And DC Electric Fields, Society for Neuroscience abstr., San Diego, CA.
  1. Zanakis, M.F. and Politis, M.J. (1995) Long Term Treatment of Damaged Rat Spinal Cord With DC Electric Fields and Fetal Tissue Implants, AOA abstr., Orlando, FL.
  1. Lewandoski, M.A., Areman, R., D’Agate, D., Zanakis, M.F. (1996) Design & Development Of A Dynamic Skull Model For Training Students In Cranial Manipulation, AOA abstr., 019
  1. Lewandoski, M.A., Drasby, E, Morgan, M.L., Dorin, R., Madonna, S. (1996) Application Of A Dynamic Skull Model As A Training Tool For Palpation Of The CRI, AOA abstract
  1. Lewandoski, M.A., Drasby, E,, Morgan, M,, Zanakis, M.F. (1996) Kinematic System Demonstrates Cranial Bone Movement About The Cranial Sutures, AOA abstr., 018.
  1. Zanakis, M.F., DiMeo, J., Madonna, S., Morgan, M., Drasby, E, (1996) Objective Measurement Of The CRI With Manipulation And Palpation Of The Sacrum, AOA abstr.,
  1. Zanakis, M.F., Marmora, M., Morgan, M., Lewandoski, M.A. (1996) Application Of The CV4 Technique During Objective Measurement Of The CRI, AOA abstr., P03.
  1. Zanakis, M.F., Morgan, M., Storch, L, Bele, M., Carpentieri, A., Germano, J., O’Shaughnessy, P. (1996) Detailed Study Of Cranial Bone Motion In Man, AOA abstr., P06.
  1. Zanakis, MR, W. Zaza, W, Zhao, H.( Morgan, R, Schatzer, M. (1996) Objective Measurement Of The Cranial Rhythmic Impulse In Children, AOA abstr., P05.
  2. Zanakis, M.F., Zhao, H., Schatzer, M., Zaza, W., Morgan, R,, Dyer, D., Abboud, A. (1996), Studies Of The Cranial Rhythmic Impulse In Man Using A Tilt Table, AOA abstr.